Useful Links

Sign Languages (North America)

  • American Sign Language (ASL) [ Wikipedia ] – primary language of English-speaking Deaf in North America
  • Langue des signes du Québec (LSQ) [ Wikipedia ] – primary language of French-speaking Deaf in Québec

Note: see national websites for a listing of provincial, state, and local chapters/affiliates


  • Charter of Human Rights (Canada) – Human Rights laws in Canada
  • Howard v. the University of British Columbia (1993) [ PDF ] – court decision requiring all schools to accommodate students who are in need of accessibility-related support to participate in classes.
  • Eldridge v. British Columbia Attorney General (1997) [ PDF ] – court decision requiring province (only BC?) to provide medical interpreting service.
  • Canadian Assn. of the Deaf v. Canada (2007) [ PDF ] – court decision requiring all federal departments to provide sign language interpreters for deaf interacting with federal employees.
  • Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act (AODA) – enacted in 2005 for the purpose of improving accessibility standards for Ontarians with physical and mental disabilities to all public establishments by 2025. [ Wikipedia ]