Useful Links

Sign Languages

  • American Sign Language (ASL) [ Wikipedia ] – primary language of English-speaking Deaf in North America
  • Langue des signes du Québec (LSQ) [ Wikipedia ] – primary language of French-speaking Deaf in Québec, Canada.
  • International Sign (IS) [ Wikipedia ] – contrary to popular belief, sign language is not a universal language. Like spoken languages, sign languages around the world are different. International Sign, formerly known as “Gestuno”, is an artificially devised sign language. Gestuno is to Deaf as Esperanto is to Hearing.
  • List of sign languages around the world

Note: if interested in learning sign language, see Learning American Sign Language .

Note: see national websites for a listing of provincial, state, and local chapters/affiliates


  • Accessible Canada Act (Bill C-81)
  • Howard v. the University of British Columbia (1993) [ PDF ] – court decision requiring all schools to accommodate students who are in need of accessibility-related support to participate in classes.
  • Eldridge v. British Columbia Attorney General (1997) [ PDF ] – court decision requiring province(s) to provide medical interpreting service.
  • Canadian Association of the Deaf v. Canada (2007) [ PDF ] – court decision requiring federal departments to provide sign language interpreter on request when interacting with federal employees.
  • Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act (AODA) – enacted in 2005 for the purpose of improving accessibility standards for Ontarians with physical and mental disabilities to all public establishments by 2025. [ Wikipedia ]
  • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) (United States) – a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public. The purpose of the law is to make sure that people with disabilities have the same rights and opportunities as everyone else. [ Wikipedia ]

Note: visit for access to court judgments from all Canadian courts, including the Supreme Court of Canada, federal courts, and the courts in all Canada’s provinces and territories. also contains decisions from many tribunals nationally.



  • Provincial Medical Sign Language Interpreting Service Engagement – Summary of Input Received – Phase II (Sept 2018) [ PHSA, PDF ] – summary community engagement process for improving ASL medical interpreting services in BC.
  • A Study of Deaf-Blind Demographics and Services in Canada (Dec 2004) [ Canadian Centre on Disability Studies, PDF ]